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用生物技术保护生物多样性 中国这样做

  今天是“国际生物多样性日”。目前,分分快3国国家重点保护野生动植物物种绝大多数得到保护,朱鹮、东北虎等近10种濒危物种种群开始恢复,60多种珍稀濒危野生动物人工繁殖成功。

分分快3  5yue22rishi“guojishengwuduoyangxingri”。shengtaihuanjingbufubuzhangzhuangguotaibujiuqianbiaoshi,muqian,fenfenkuai3guogeleiziranbaohudimianjiyuezhanludimianjide18%yishang,juedaduoshuguojiazhongdianbaohuyeshengdongzhiwuwuzhongdedaobaohu,zhuhuan、dongbeihudengjin10zhongbinweiwuzhongzhongqunkaishihuifu,60duozhongzhenxibinweiyeshengdongwurengongfanzhichenggong。

  dishiwuci《shengwuduoyangxinggongyue》diyuefangdahui(cop15)nijinnianzaikunmingjuban,lianheguo《shengwuduoyangxinggongyue》mishuchudailizhixingmishuyilishabai·muleimarenwei,zhongguosuochangdaodefenfenkuai3shengtaiwenmingbujinjinshizhongguodemeihaoyuanjing,tongshiyefanyinglequanshijiehequanrenleidegongtongyuanwang。

分分快3  shengwuduoyangxingshirenleishehuilaiyishengcunhefazhandezhongyaowuzhijichu,yumeigerendeshengchan、shenghuoxixixiangguan。tongshi,shijiegeguoyedouyouzerenbaohuqibenguodeshengwuduoyangxing,bingyingzhankaihezuo,yikechijiudefangshishiyongshengwuziyuan。danlingrenguanqiedeshi,yixierenleihuodongzhengzaidaozhizuchengshengwuduoyangxingdewuzhongxunsujianshao。neimeliyongxiandaishengwukexuejishu,fenfenkuai3guozaibaohushengwuduoyangxingfangmianzuoleshenme?

  基因组测序: 寻找中国纯种绿孔雀

分分快3  jinnianyilai,zhongkeyuankunmingdongwuyanjiusuoniaoleixuexuekezudaitourenyangxiaojunyanjiuyuankaixinlehaojiu: tasiyangfanyudejige“baobei”luluxuxuxiale20duogedan。zheixiedanlaidexiangdangbuyi,zheikeshichunzhonglvkongquededan。weile“chunzhong”erzi,yangxiaojunhetadetuanduinulileliuqinianzhijiu。

  “jinnianlai,lvkongquedezhongqunshuliangzaixiajiang。shangshiji90niandaidediaochahezuijinjiniandediaochajieguobiaoming,xiajiangqushishifeichangyanzhongde。tongshi,fenfenkuai3yezuolerengonglingyanglvkongquedediaocha,jieguofaxian,lingyangdelvkongqueyemeiyouchunzhongdele。” yangxiaojunshuo,zhongqunshuliangdejijuxiajiang,ranglvkongquezaizhongguojingneimianlinmiejuedeweixian,congerduifenfenkuai3deshengwuduoyangxingchanshengchongji;ermeiyouchunzhongdelingyanglvkongque,yehuiduihouxuzhongqunhuifuzaochengweixie。

  lvkongquedeweijibushigeli。muleimajieshoukejiribaojizhecaifangshibiaoshi: “fenfenkuai3xianzaisuomianlindewentihetiaozhanbushidanyide,ershiquanfangweide。zuijindekexueyanjiubiaoming,fenfenkuai3zhengmianlinzheqiansuoweiyoudeshengwuduoyangxingtiaozhan。”tashouzhongdebaogaoxianshi,xianzaidiqiushangwuzhongxiaowangdesuduzhengzaijiakuai,youqianyuzhongbinweiwuzhongzhengmianlinmiejuedeweixian。

分分快3  yongxindejiyinzucexujishu,biduichunzhongyuyouqitawuzhongchanshengjiyinfenfenkuai3dekongque,biduiguowaitongxinggongkaidejiyinzushuju,yangxiaojuntuanduizhuanzhanyunnanhengduanshanhedaxiaobaohuqu,zhongyuzhaodaoleliuqizhi“baobei”,bingdaidaojingxinmofangyewaishengjingdezhongkeyuankunmingdongwuyanjiusuoshiyanshi。“fenfenkuai3debaohuheyanjiuchuxianleyilvshuguang,danlizugouduodezhongqunjianjiyinfenfenkuai3demubiaohaiyoubuxiaojuli。”yangxiaojunshuo。

  shishishang,shengwujishushiduixianyoudezhenxizhiwuhedongwujinxinggailiang。rujin,bujinzaidongwuxuejie、zhiwuxuejie,shenzhizaiyuanheshengwujieyuzhenjunxuejie,wushuzhongwaikexuejiazhengzainuli,shituyongshengwujishuzhengjiubinwei、jiweiwuzhong。

  “五库一体”: 保护野生种质资源的“诺亚方舟”

  1992nian11yue7ri,quanguorendachangweihuipizhunfenfenkuai3guojiaru《shengwuduoyangxinggongyue》diyueguo。zaizheigegongyuezhong,shengwujishubeidingyiwei“shiyongshengwuxitong、shengwutihuoqiyanshengwudengjishu,laizhizuohuogaibianchanpinyidadaotedingyongtudemude。”

  zaiguojiadakexuezhuangzhi、shijiedierdazhongzhiziyuanku——zhongguoxinanyeshengshengwuzhongziziyuankudezhiwuzhongzhibaozangzhongxinhefenzishiyanpingtaishang,meitianyoujinbaiweikexuejiazaizuozhesuosui、xiweieryoujiqizhongyaodegongzuo。tamenbacongfenfenkuai3guogedicaijidaodexingxingseseyouhuazhiwuzhongzijiayifenlei、qinglihebiyaodejiagong,ranhoulengzangdaolingxia20sheshidudezhiwuzhongzikulihuolingxia196sheshidudeyedanzhong。

分分快3  “zheigeziyuankudebaocunmoshiwei‘wukuyiti’,jiyizhiwuzhongzikuweihexinku,jianjuzhiwulitiku、zhiwudnaku、dongwuzhongzhikuheweishengwuku。”zhongkeyuankunmingzhiwuyanjiusuozhiwuduoyangxingyujiyinzuxuetuanduidaitourenlidezhuyanjiuyuanxiangkejiribaojizhejieshao,70%dezhongziziyuanjinrudaozhiwuzhongziku,tongguoganzaohelengdongjishuchulihouzhangqicunchu,tongshiweiziyuanliyonghekexueyanjiutigongcailiao;erzhiwulitikuderenwu,zhuyaobaocunzhongjianxinghewanaoxingzhongzi,yijinanyiyongzhongzibaocundezhiwu,baocundecailiaobaokuoshiguanmiao、yushangzuzhi、kuaigen、kuaijing、linjing、qiujing、huafen、baoziyijiweifanzhitihuopeiyangwu;zaidnakuzhong,zeshaixuanhejiandingleyipijuyouzhongyaojiazhidegongnengjiyin;dongwuzhongzhikuzhuyaobaocunzhenxibinweideteyouyeshengjizhuidongwuzhongzhiziyuan,jiangushoujiyeshengjinyuanzhonghetezhongjingjidongwudezhongzhiziyuan;weishengwukuzezhangqi、anquan、youxiaodibaocunjuyouzhongyaojingjijiazhidedaxingzhenjunzhongzhiziyuan,tongshiqiangdiaoduifangxianjunheteshushengjingweishengwuzhongzhiziyuandeshouji。

  “jiezhi2019niandi,fenfenkuai3yijingzaizheizuozhongzide‘nuoyafangzhou’lizhenzangle10096zhongzhongzhiziyuan,zhiwuleizhongzhiziyuanzhanfenfenkuai3guozhiwuzongshude34.5%。yigexiaoxiaodeguanzilishenzhikeyizhuang2wanlizhongzi,tamenkeyiyouxiaobaochijibainianshenzhishangqiannian。”lidezhushuo。

  zaidongwuzhongzhiziyuanfangmian,zheigedakexuezhuangzhizaiduanshijianbaocunshengzhixibaojipeitaixibaozhongqudeleyixiechenggongdeanli,danmuqiancongquanshijiefanweilaijiang,dongwuzhongzhiziyuandebaocunhaicunzaihendadenandu。“fenfenkuai3baocunle6000duozhongdongwudnacailiao。muqiandejishutiaojianxia,zheixiecailiaojuedabufenhaibunenghuifuchengyigezhengchangdeshengwugeti,dankeweiweilaidebaohutigongyizhongzhongyaochubei。”lidezhubiaoshi。

  人工扩繁: 既保护物种数量又发挥经济价值

分分快3  baimoyuheyunnanwutong,shifenfenkuai3guojinshajiangliuyudeliangzhongteyouwuzhong,danyouyuzhongqunshuliangxiao、shengjingxiazhai、shourenleiganraoyanzhong,suishimianlinmiejueweixian。zhongkeyuankunmingzhiwuyanjiusuojixiaozhongqunyeshengzhiwuzonghebaohutuanduidaitourensunweibangrenwei,baimoyujuyouyaoshiliangyongdejiazhi,jingguorengongshoufen,kedafutigaojieshilv,yuanqikanshangyezhongzhijuyoukeguanjingjixiaoyi;eryunnanwutongquanshendoushibao,youqitongzijuyoujigaodeyingyangjiazhi,zhizhubenshenkezuoyouzhiyuanlinhejingguanlvhuashuzhong,jingrengongkuofanheyouxuliyong,youwangtaolibinweide“kuhai”。

  “youdewuzhong,fenfenkuai3bunengbataquanqilaihuozaihuojigeyangbanjiuleshi,budanyaobaohuqizhongqunshuliangwendinghuifuzengzhang,haiyaofajueqijingjijiazhihemeixuejiazhi,rangqichanshengduozhongxiaoyi,yecainengshixiankechixufazhan。”sunweibangbiaoshi,tamenjinnianlaizaiyangbiqi、huagaimudengteyouzhiwu、binweiheyouzhongyaojingjiliyongjiazhizhiwudebaohushangqudelelingrenzhumudechengguo。jinnianlai,tamenhaijiangjixiaozhongqunbaohudelinianhefangfa,tuiguangdaozhenxibinweiyeshengdongwudebaohushang。zheiyu《shengwuduoyangxinggongyue》zhongbaohudiqiushengwuduoyangxing、kechixuliyongshengwuduoyangxinghegongpinggongzhengfenxiangyichuanziyuandesandamubiaoxiangyizhi。

分分快3  “zongdelaishuo,youyufenfenkuai3dewuzhongfeichangduo,binweidewuzhongyefeichangduo,qizhonghenduowuzhong,fenfenkuai3meibanfajinxingqiandibaohu,zhinengyihuadingzonghebaohuqudefangshijinxing。”yunnannongyedaxuejiaoshoudongyangshuo,eryouxiewuzhong,tebieshiyixiegenxifadadezhiwu,birushuolankezhiwu,haiyouyixiejidubinweidezhiwuheburudongwu,keyiqiandibaohu。fenfenkuai3yaogenjubutongdeshengwuwuzhong、butongdeqingkuangbianzhengshice,bukenengcaiqutongyizhongmoshi。(jizhe zhaohanbin)


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